Validation Antennas for IEC 62209-3 (AVALSET-3V1)


AVALSET-3V1 is the set of antennas and accessories defined by IEC 62209-3 to validate the performance of any vector measurement-based system (e.g., array system). The manufacturers of these systems are obliged to validate the system if it is used for certification. AVALSET-3V1 also empowers regulators and users to independently verify the manufacturer-stated specifications. Validation warranties consistent results, independent of the device being measured.


Validation of the performance of any vector measurement-based system and verification of the uncertainty budget


Each antenna comes with an ISO/IEC 17025 calibration certificate. Reference SAR values are provided in the calibration certificate for each location and distance for any phantom type: Flat (MSL, HSL), Left Head, Right Head




Dipole Antennas

Dipole Antennas

Inductively-coupled sources with induced electric fields predominantly parallel to the phantom surface. Symmetrical dipole with  λ/4 balun. Matched for use near flat phantoms filled with tissue simulating liquids.

  • D750V3: 750 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D835V2: 835 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D900V2: 900 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D1450V2: 1450 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D1750V2: 1750 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D1950V3: 1950 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D2300V2: 2300 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D2450V2: 2450 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D2600V2: 2600 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D3700V2: 3700 MHz Verification Dipole 
  • D5GHzV2: 5 GHz Verification Dipole

SMA female 50 Ω for each dipole antenna

Includes Verification Dipole Spacers (5 mm, 10 mm, 15 mm, 25 mm)


Vertical PIFAs

Sources that are capacitively-coupled to the phantom so that the peak field in the phantom is predominantly perpendicular to the phantom surface

  • V-PIFA750V3: 750 MHz Vertical PIFA
  • V-PIFA835V3: 835 MHz Vertical PIFA
  • V-PIFA1950V3: 1950 MHz Vertical PIFA
  • V-PIFA3700V3: 3700 MHz Vertical PIFA

SMA female 50 Ω for each dipole antenna

Includes 90 degree angle adapter for proper orientation of the coaxial cable

Includes mounting block and spring-loaded antenna holder for use of VPIFAs with the VAHV1


Dual-Peak Centrally-Fed Planar Inverted F Antennas (CPIFAs)

Source with two SAR peaks at different magnitudes and locations. Tests the ability of the SAR measurement system to accurately measure both peaks

  • 2P-PIFA2450V1: 2450 MHz Dual-Peak Centrally-Fed PIFA



Stable and lightweight RF power source for convenient system verification and validation measurements. Generates CW signal at frequencies from 600 to 6000 MHz. Connects directly to antennas via coaxial connector. 

Detailed specifications: POWERSOURCE1

User video: cSAR3D Repeatability

VAHV1 - Verification Antenna Holder for cSAR3D

Articulated antenna holder with three joints, and spring-loaded end. It allows easy positioning of verification or validation antennas at a range of locations on the Flat, Left Head, or Right Head phantoms. The antenna can be moved in place with one hand while the locking mechanism is tightened with the other to hold it in place. Then the measurement is done hands-free.


VDSV1 - Verification Dipole stand for cSAR3D Flat / Quad

Polycarbonate stand for easy and stable positioning of dipole antennas at fixed locations on Flat and Quad phantoms


Verification Dipole Spacers

Spacers for dipole antennas, providing four distances:

  • 5 mm
  • 10 mm
  • 15 mm
  • 25 mm (15 mm + 10 mm extension)


Verification Masks

Masks defined in IEC 62209-3 for precise positioning of validation antennas at fixed locations on the left and right head phantoms


Additional Equipment Required

Power rack (purchased separately):

  • Signal generator(s) capable of CW and the required modulation configurations for the full frequency range
  • Amplifier
  • Power meter with two power sensors
  • Directional coupler
  • Attenuators
  • Cables